What is heart disease?
When people talk about heart disease, they are usually talking about coronary heart disease (CHD). It’s also called coronary artery disease (CAD). This is the most common type of heart disease. When someone has CHD, the coronary arteries (tubes) that take blood to the heart are narrow or blocked. This happens when cholesterol and fatty material, called plaque, build up inside the arteries. – Web MD
Ways to prevent Heart Disease:
*Stay at a healthy weight.
*Quit smoking and stay away from secondhand smoke.
*Control your cholesterol and blood pressure.
*If you drink alcohol, drink only in moderation.
Am I at risk for heart disease? Everyone is at risk for heart disease. But you are at higher risk for heart disease if you:
*Have high cholesterol or high blood pressure
*Are overweight or obese
*Don’t get enough physical activity
*Don’t eat a healthy diet
Your age and family history also affect your risk for heart disease. Your risk is higher if:
*You are a woman over age 55
*You are a man over age 45
*Your father or brother had heart disease before age 55
*Your mother or sister had heart disease before age 65
But the good news is there’s a lot you can do to prevent heart disease!
Control your cholesterol and blood pressure -High cholesterol and high blood pressure can cause heart disease and heart attack. If your cholesterol or blood pressure numbers are high, you can take steps to lower them. Get your cholesterol checked. – It’s important to get your cholesterol checked at least every 4 to 6 years. Some people will need to get it checked more or less often (I have to get my checked every 90 days). Get your blood pressure checked – Starting at age 18, get your blood pressure checked regularly. High blood pressure has no signs or symptoms.
*Get active: Getting active can help prevent heart disease. Adults need at least 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity each week. This includes walking fast, dancing, and biking. If you are just getting started, try walking for 10 minutes a day, a few days each week. Then add more activity over time.
*Stay at a healthy weight: People who are overweight or obese are at an increased risk for heart disease, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes. If you are overweight or obese, losing just 10 pounds can lower your risk of heart disease. Find out how to control your weight.
*Quit smoking and stay away from secondhand smoke: Quitting smoking helps lower your risk of heart disease and heart attack. Call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669) for free support and to set up your plan for quitting. Avoiding secondhand smoke is important, too so keep your home smoke-free. If you have guests who smoke, ask them to smoke outside. If someone in your home smokes, use these tips to start a conversation about quitting.
*Manage stress: Managing stress can help prevent serious health problems like heart disease, depression, and high blood pressure. Deep breathing and meditation are good ways to relax and manage stress.
You can always read more at the American Heart Association ❤